Hong Kong Telecom Senior Vice President Technology Strategy and Development Carlson Chu outlines the pandemic’s impact on the 5G Agenda in Asia and says plans are already underway for 6G by 2030.
By Carlson Chu
In today’s connected world, businesses rely more than ever on high quality, reliable and fast connectivity. New developments, such as 5G, provide a host of opportunities to harness new innovative solutions. According to the latest Asia Pacific edition of the GSMA’s Mobile Economy series , mobile operators in the region are expected to invest over USD 400 billion on their networks between 2020 and 2025, of which USD 331 billion will be spent on 5G deployments.
While the hype around 5G started a few years ago, it has now become a reality for many countries around the world. However in Asia, we are seeing a mix of leaders, middlers and laggards. For example, China and South Korea are considered frontrunners when it comes to 5G, as they are ahead in building networks and exploring real 5G applications. On the other hand, Singapore’s decision to go straight to the standalone version of 5G instead of the more common non-standalone deployment shows a strong commitment to get ahead in the development of 5G and reap the maximum benefits of the technology to boost business innovation and economic growth.
Many countries are now participating in this global race to 5G, but 2020 has brought upon new challenges and disruptions. While consumers are not going to stop using mobile phones, most will not likely spend more on a service for 5G networks. We have also seen from the pandemic that there is now a global demand for higher speed and capacity, where many are hoping 5G networks can support.
The adoption of 5G is likely to experience a short-term dip as businesses shift their priorities to focus on business continuity plans. Travel restrictions and the global delay in network roll-out among others have resulted in the development of 5G coming to a slight standstill. Not to mention, the health crisis has also led to an all-time low level of consumer confidence in terms of the overall economy and household income. As a result, GSMA Intelligence is revising forecasts to show that the total number of 5G connections will be almost 20 per cent lower in 2020 in the Asia Pacific than previously expected .
However, things will likely turn for the better and we can 5G developments to accelerate globally in the long run. This is mainly due to the greater need for digital transformation. Cisco’s 2020 Asia Pacific SMB Digital Maturity Study found that the pandemic has accelerated digitalisation efforts for nearly 70 per cent of small and medium-sized enterprises across the region, and 86 per cent of respondents believe digitalisation will help them develop resilience against similar crises. This shows a promising pick up of 5G when it comes to how connectivity will play a vital role in the digital evolution.
5G technology may bring about promising changes, but these opportunities have not been able to fully convince developing economies in Asia to justify the investment for 5G. After all, other areas of the economy, such as healthcare, takes precedence over anything else today.
To go around this, governments can review the license fees for 5G spectrum and make changes in regulation to encourage network sharing. Some countries have also set up 5G innovation funds to encourage the development of 5G applications. In addition, with the advent of telehealth and remote home monitoring systems, 5G will also be a great enabler for the healthcare industry in the fight against the ongoing pandemic.
For instance, West China Hospital and Sichuan University, with the support from China Telecom, have launched a 5G-based “Online Platform for Free Covid-19 Diagnosis and Treatment”, which provides diagnosis and treatment services to critical cases in Wuhan . In Thailand, Huawei, Thailand National Broadcasting and Telecommunication Communication (NBTC) and Siriraj Hospital, have launched a self-driving vehicle, powered by 5G, to enable contactless delivery of medical supplies in remote areas and complex environments .
In Singapore, wearable technology for COVID-19 contact tracing has also been in the news, with 10,000 seniors given the first batch of the TraceTogether tokens in July . While these tokens do not collect location data or use mobile connectivity, an area to explore would be complimenting it with emerging technologies. If such tokens were to be powered by 5G, imagine the amount of extreme data sets that can aid countries with real-time insight and analytics – getting us ready for the next big disruption.
As 5G proliferates, so will its applications. Beyond COVID-19, we are arriving at the recovery period where the technology can help both enterprises and consumers through reimagination of the workplace and smart city infrastructure using drones and robotic solutions. Due to the high-speed network of 5G, deploying applications can also be closer to the end-user.
Furthermore, we know that innovation never stops, and there is talk about the next step in the world of mobile connectivity — 6G. Research on 6G has already begun, with countries like the China, Japan, South Korea and the United States are making headway. According to NTT DoCoMo’s recent white paper on 6G, it posits that it’s reasonable to expect 6G in 2030 .
In essence, the pandemic has and will continue to accelerate Asia’s 5G agenda in the long run. Given that the crisis has already driven digital transformation projects today, we are likely to see a greater need for a more robust and highly connected digital economy. While emerging economies in Asia need to do more to evolve and catch up with the others, they cannot ignore that 5G is our new reality, and they need to prepare its digital foundation to embrace an inclusive 5G future.
(Ed. HKT Senior Vice President Technology Strategy and Development Carlson Chu says he is a core member of the CTO Office and plays a key role in technology research and development. He is a chartered engineer and has a MBA Degree and MSc. Degree. You can join Carlson Chu at the Communic Asia Conference, a part of ConnecTechAsia, where he will discuss the role of MNOs and 5G for national growth in a panel discussion on Wednesday, September 30, 2020 at 1125 SGT. For more information on ConnecTechAsia, please click here. Featured image by Photogragher ‘Street 965’.)